GeneBLAzer® M1-NFAT-bla CHO-K1 cells contain the human Acetylcholine (muscarinic) subtype 1 receptor (M1) stably integrated into the CellSensor® NFAT-bla CHO-K1 cell line. CellSensor® NFAT-bla CHO-K1 cells (Cat. no. K1534) contain a beta-lactamase (bla) reporter gene under control of the Nuclear Factor of Activated T-cells (NFAT) response element.
M1-NFAT-bla CHO-K1 cells are functionally validated for Z'-factor and EC50 concentrations of carbachol. In addition, M1-NFAT-bla CHO-K1 cells have been tested for assay performance under variable conditions. These data are found in the Validation & Assay Performance Summary.
In the brain, M1 activation mediates 'slow' neuronal excitability. Cortical and hippocampal muscarinic receptors are thought to be important in the attentional aspects of cognition. The predominant receptor subtypes in these brain areas are M1, M3, and M4. Therefore, M1 is a potential target for cognition, Alzheimer's, dementia, and schizophrenia. Studies on knock-out mouse models of M1 are also beginning to reveal potential functions of the receptor. Additional information on the muscarinic receptors can be found in reviews.
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