- High Z’-factors at low percent conversion of ATP to ADP
- One assay suitable for all kinases, including difficult to assay targets such as lipid kinases
- Best in class Alexa Fluor® dyes enable a superior red-shifted TR-FRET assay
- Reduced interference from compound autofluorescence or light scattering from precipitated compounds
- Complete validated assay system available including substrate and specialized assay buffer
A growing list of Invitrogen kinases have been validated for use with the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay Kit and corresponding substrates. Please view our Adapta® Assay Reactivity Table to see if your kinase has been validated with the Adapta® Assay.
Figure 1. Schematic principle of the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay
The Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay measures kinase activity by detecting ADP formation. Most of the signal change occurs in the first 10-20% conversion of ATP to ADP (Figure 2). This is in sharp contrast to kinase assays that measure ATP depletion, in which 20% conversion of ATP to ADP results in only a 20% signal change. As a result, the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assays produces high Z’-factors at low % conversions and is ideally suited for use with kinases with low activity since less ADP has to be formed to achieve an optimal assay window.
|Figure 2—Assay signal as a function of percent conversion of ATP to ADP. A representative ATP-ADP titration curve highlights the large change in assay signal at only 20% conversion of ATP to ADP. This makes the Adapta® assay ideally suited for use with kinases with low activity since less ADP has to be formed to achieve an optimal assay window.|
In addition to the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay Kit, we offer a selection of lipid and peptide based substrates for use with the Adapta® Assay. Both the lipid and peptide substrates were designed and optmized with assay performance in mind.
Our lipid substrates were designed for optimal performance in the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay with our PI3 kinases.
- No re-hydrations, sonication, or extrusion needed, the lipid substrates are ready for immediate use in your kinase assay
- Formulated for optimal performance with PI3 kinases
- Get reliable, reproducible performance each and every time, even after multiple freeze-thaw cycles
Since lipid kinases are often highly sensitive to reaction conditions, such as the type and concentration of detergents and salts, we have optimized buffers for each PI3 kinase in our collection.
A list of substrates and buffers currently available from Invitrogen for use in the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay, can be found below.
The following is a list of kinases which have been validated using the Adapta® Universal Assay Kit. Please check back often as we are continuously validating additional kinases.
The table also includes the recommended substrate and buffer to run the assay as outlined in the assay conditions section. 5X Kinase Buffer A is included with the purchase of the Adapta® Assay Kit.
The Adatpa® Reactivity table is currently being updated – to obtain a list of kinases which have been validated using the Adapta® Universal Assay Kit or which reagents to use with your kinase, please submit an online inquiry.
|CAMK1||ZIPtide||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV4391 CAMK1 Adapta Assay Validation1|
|CDK7/cyclin H/MNAT1||CDK7/9tide||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV3868 Cdk7 Adapta Assay Validation1|
|CDK9/cyclin T1||CDK7/9tide||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV4131 Cdk9 Adapta Assay Validation1|
|DAPK1||ZIPtide||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV3969 DAPK1 Adapta Assay Validation1|
|LRRK2||ERM (LRRKtide)||5X Kinase Buffer S||PV4873 LRRK2 Adapta Assay Validation1|
|LRRK2 G2019S||ERM (LRRKtide)||5X Kinase Buffer S||PV4881 LRRK2 G2019S Adapta Assay Validation1|
|PIK3C3||PI:PS Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer Q||PV5126 PIK3C3 (hVPS34) Adapta Validation1|
|PIK3CA/PIK3R1||PIP2:PS Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer R||PV4788 PIK3CA_PIK3R1 Adapta Assay Validation|
|PIK3CG||PIP2:PS Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer R||PV4786 PIK3CG Adapta Assay Validation|
|SPHK1||Sphingosine Kinase Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer A||SPHK1_Adapta|
|SPHK2||Sphingosine Kinase Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV5216 SPHK2 Adapta Assay Validation|
|PIK3CD/PIK3R1||PIP2:PS Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer R||Submit an online inquiry|
|PI4KB||PI:PS Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer T||PV5277 PI4KB Adapta Assay Validation|
|PIK3C2B||PI Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer R||PV5374 PIK3C2B Adapta Assay Validation1|
|PIK3C2A||PI Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer R||PV5586 PIK3C2A Adapta Validation1|
|PI4KA||PI:PS Substrate||5X Kinase Buffer T||PV5689 PI4KA (PI4K alpha) Adapta Validation|
|MKNK2||RS peptide||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV5607 MKNK2 (MNK2) Adapta Validation|
|GSG2||Histone H3 Peptide (1-20)||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV5708 GSG2 Adapta Assay validation|
|PDK4||PDH peptide||5X Kinase Buffer A||PV5710 PDK4 Adapta Assay validation|
|MKNK1||RS peptide||5X Kinase Buffer A||MKNK1 _MNK1_ Adapta|
For assistance with determining if your instrument is suitable to read the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay, or for assistance with instrument setup, please call us at 1 760 603 7200 (select option 3, then enter extension 40266).
Figure 3. Excitation and emission spectra of the Adapta® Universal Kinase Assay
The emission spectrum of the europium donor (in black) overlaps with the excitation spectrum for the Alexa Fluor® 647 ADP tracer (dashed red line). Following energy transfer, the emission from the Alexa Fluor® 647 ADP tracer (solid red line) is detected with a filter centered at 665 nm with a 10 nm bandpass. This signal is then referenced (or ‘ratioed’) to the emission of the europium signal using a filter centered at 615 nm with a 10 nm bandpass.
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